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Fasting on Tenth Muharram

Q:

on ten Moharam why shia dont keep fast where as per Hadees Prophet Muhmmad PBUH keep fast on ten Moharam and also said about to FAST

why SHIA do faqa instead of Roza??? It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah, may Allaah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "The best fasting after Ramadan is the month of Muharram." [Muslim, An-Nasaa’i, Abu Daawood and others]

An-Nawawi, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said that this Hadeeth is a direct indication that Muharram is the best month for fasting (after Ramadan). The best days of the month of Muharram are the first ten days.

Al-Mardaawi, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said in Al-Insaaf, "The best days of Al-Muharram are the tenth then the ninth then the first ten days of it.”

Ibn Rajab, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said in Lataa’if Al-Ma‘aarif, "The best days of Muharram are the first ten days." He quoted Abu ‘Uthmaan An-Nahdi as saying, “They (the people) would glorify three tens: the last ten days of Ramadan, the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah and the first ten days of Muharram”.

A:

Wa Alaykum salam warahmatullah,

Thanks for your email.

We do not fast on the day of ashura as it is makrooh-abominable- to fast on
this day.
As part of the mourning for the martyrs of Karbala the taking of food or
water ( what you refer as faqa) is refrained on the day of ashura upto asr
time when simple food is taken just as is done when bereavement takes place
at one's home. This is a deed of mourning to the tragedy of Karbala.

With regards to the various traditions you have quoted in your question,
note that from the Ahlul bAyt a.s. there are ample reports criticizing
fasting on these days particularly on the day of Ashura.

The practice of fasting on the ninth and tenth Muharrm (Ashura) has been
encouraged by the Umayyads wherein concocted reports on the excellence of
the two days fasting, bestowing gifts and buying provisions for the year
have been advanced.
An informative article on this subject has been authored by Allma Seyyid
Akhtar Rizvi.
It contains a discussion about the spuriousness of traditions found in Sunni
hadith literature encouraging Muslims to fast on the 'Ashura, the 10th of
Muharram. Visit the following link:

http://www.al-islam.org/al-serat/vol-8-no-3-4/fast-ashura-sayyid-saeed-akhta
r-rizvi/fast-ashura

With salams and duas,

Fazle Abbas Datoo